Noitutti – The Village



Antoine (1827-1907) – Jacques (1832-1896)


Paul Bonelli, the patriarch, lives in concubinage with 3 sisters, Julie, Marie and Claire Fontana who is twenty years younger than him. They will give him 24 children. Two children of this large family become famous under the nickname their father Bellacoscia (beautiful thigh).

Antoine is the first to go underground. Refractory to military service, arrested in Bocognano in 1847, it distorts the gendarmes who conducted the in Bastia and fled dansson broad field of Pentica that he will not leave almost half a century later.

On November 3, 1848, along with two other bandits, he takes and receiver for 9 days in his refuge Pentica the old Dominique-André Cerati who refuses to give him the hand of his daughter Jeanne whom he fell in love with the fair Bocognano. The case, added to that of his desertion to his being sentenced in absentia to hard labor for life.

It is at that moment that his brother Jacques, who just shot a buck discharge leg of the Mayor of Bocognano (also notary) because he had the pretension to rob his family’s land Pentica, decides to join the maquis. He became inseparable.

noituttiJune 12, 1850, Jean-Baptiste Marcangeli who has just married Jeanne Cerati, despite the warning of Jacques, was shot as he plows his field. On the same day, Dominique Gaffory, Marcangeli friend, who was windy in public to not fear Bellacoscia, was found dead on the trail leading to the village. He had been shot in the head. These murders had no witnesses, but Anthony and his brother are suspected and again sentenced in absentia to the death penalty.

August 31, 1852, as a result of a misunderstanding, a Vizzavona is shot while walking in the village in the company of Manei brothers. He was taken to Miniconi Dominique, a young man who had compromised the sister of Jacques and Bonelli had evaded the mariage.Soupçonnés this new murder, and despite the absence of witnesses, Bellacoscia brothers were again sentenced to capital punishment.

January 24, 1856, Denis Pinelli, an informant, accompanied by two policemen, headed for the barn bandits. He shot twice in the chest. The gendarmes are spared. Note that in more than 40 years of bush, no policeman will be the victim of Bonelli brothers, this will not prevent them from being condemned once again for “attempted murder on agents of force public in the exercise of their functions. ” And yet … It is said that one day the bottom of a ravine, they found a wounded policeman. The latter attempting an ambush with his colleagues had strayed. The brothers bring relief to the gendarme who believes that his time has come. They take him to the fold, the treats and let him go with his rifle. The gendarme who do not believe to have been treated with as much respect goes to the police and immediately puts his resignation.

It is also said that September evening in 1870, the brothers Bellacoscia “to invite” in the office of the Prefect Ajaccio to offer their service. They asked him to form a body of Francs-shooters to fight the Germans. This offer will be well understood by the government but declined a new prefect which had reported the facts strongly wanted to meet with the two brothers. He was welcomed in their landmark with such hospitality that he decided to come back later imitated by other celebrities. Journalists, writers, public figures, monarchs succeeded at the table Bellacoscia and thus contributed to their fame.

Bonelli brothers reputation is such that solicits regularly during “hot” electoral periods or to solve some disputes. Even the company of railways does not hesitate to appeal to them, for consideration, to monitor its site that suffered some theft and other incidents.

Despite a last attempt large-scale attempt to dislodge the two celebrities who now have their green house Palace Pentica continue to live peaceful days. But Antoine is tired of this life and this is the promise of grace snatched the President Sadi Carnot (during his visit in Corsica) by Emmanuel Arene MP, friend of the bandits, who will decide to give himself up this morning 25 June 1892 on the set of the foce of Vizzavona dropping his gun at the feet of Captain of Police and Ordioni front of a brigade of gendarmes at attention you. Both then climb into a car that drove them to the station Corte they take, first class train to Bastia. Received under the Viva crowd which escorted them to the Hotel de France, they will dine and spend the night there before Antony, whose crimes are now prescribed, is leading to the prison. July 25, 1892, after a symbolic trial and a short deliberation, the jury finds the defendant not guilty but it is forbidden to stay in Corsica. On 1 August, resigned, he embarks on the “city of Bastia” to Marseille where he is awaited by a crowd of 2,000 people. However, interventions are increasing under pressure from Emmanuel Arena and less than ten weeks later, a prefectural allows Antoine to return to his native island where old age quietly prevail in 1907 at the age of 80 years when in his brother, Jacques, whose latest crime happened less than 30 years, he had not wanted to leave his scrub he continued to go quietly until January 1895 supposed date of his death are unknown whose causes. We think he was the victim of a pulmonary congestion and that his remains we will never return, was hidden by his family.


To measure is to assess the amount by comparing it with a quantity of the same unit of measurement known species. To materialize the units, the men first used the human body, and then they made the measuring instruments.

The Palmu is the greatest length materialized with one hand. This is the distance between the tip of the thumb and the tip of the little finger in the separated position.

The Palmu seamstresses, used to measure curved lines, eg waist circumference is the same as the previous, but with the index, middle and ring finger bent (of AD. R. PECQUEUX BARBONI).

A large Palmu is obtained by adding to Palmu the length of the phalanx of the thumb. A simple rocking on the tip of the thumb allows the addition.

The scumessu is the distance between the tips of the thumb and index finger in the separated position. It is about 4/5 of Palmu. This is the spacing used in planting garlic. It is also to Cervioni, the cheese mold of the opening diameter (fattoghja), the base diameter being the distance between the end of the index in the tensioned position and the tip of the middle in the folded position. The depth of the mold is obtained between the middle and index fingers in a stretched position.

The massumè or sussumè is the longest length obtained by holding the thumb perpendicular to the forearm and folding the other four fingers. It goes from the end of the metacarpal of the thumb finger.

The thumb (u ditone) is used for measurement in its length and its width. His phalanx allowed, eg., Adjust the width of the seam folds. The other four fingers were sometimes used in the sense of the length, but especially in the width direction. Steps are thus, 2, 3 and 4 fingers.

The manciata is the largest amount that can contain both hands making bowl. The manata is the capacity of a hand making bowl. The pugnu is the capacity of the closed hand. These volumes certainly varied from one individual to another, but a person could reach a high accuracy in the repetition of gesture. Thus, women who used the salt manate for cured meats, managed to maintain the same taste to meats from one year to the other during a lifetime. I knew a card player, big cheater indeed, reach into a bag of beans, remove a handle (a pugnu) and be able to give the number of seeds in one or two units close.

The mannellu is the amount of grain rods can hold the hand during the harvest. The Mannelli are assembled to form a Mannella (sheaf or bundle).

When sowing flax on the fly, it was necessary that the seed is well distributed and not too dense or too sparse. The density was evaluated on the pulp of the thumb: thumb, applied on the floor, hanging an amount of seeds is evaluated.


The arm (bracciu) is the distance between the fingertips and the top of the shoulder. It also uses the distance between the fingertips and the stub of the opposite shoulder, the arm being horizontal; or, the distance between the ends of the fingers of both hands, the arms being disposed horizontally.

The step (passu) can be considered a highly elastic measurement. However, I have known people knowing their resolve not to obtain the meter with great approximation.

The palanca, or palancata, is the distance obtained by the not as long as possible (FALCUCCI). We find the word in a recent article:

“Cusi u passu di a furmicula At trè yoke di chjappe what Toccu to Fasgianu has cimicicula Perchè Maria n’ùn is achjappe”.

(TIRENU: Ghjuvan Paulu Lanfranchi, Ms).

Posted in History by Filippo Volpe